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Artificial Intelligence 2020 - Background Readings

This collection of reading materials was created to prepare participants for the 2020 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Artificial Intelligence.

Section I. Human and Machine
Rudyard Kipling, “The Secret of the Machines,” A School History of England, 1911. Available online:

Kate Devlin, “Welcome Our Robot Overlords,” Turned On: Science, Sex and Robots, Bloomsbury Sigma, December 18, 2018

Joanna Bryson, “Is There a Human-AI Relationship?,” Adventures in NI, September 25, 2019 Available online:

Section II: Human Nature
Ian McEwan, Machines Like Me, Nan A. Talese; 1st Edition, April 23, 2019

Kate Devlin, “You Had Me at Hello World,” Turned On: Science, Sex and Robots, Bloomsbury Sigma, December 18, 2018

Nicholas A. Christakis, “How AI Will Rewire Us?,” The Atlantic, April 2019, Available online:

Sherry Turkle, “There Will Never Be an Age of Artificial Intimacy,” The New York Times, August 11, 2018. Available online:

Section III. Future Modes
Emiko Jozuka, “Beyond dimensions: The man who married a hologram,” CNN, December 29, 2018. Available online:

Pete Holley, “Wanted: ‘Friendly’ human face for global army of humanoid robots. Apply within,” Washington Post, October 24, 2019. Available online:

Christopher J. Kelly, Alan Karthikesalingam, Mustafa Suleyman, Greg Corrado and Dominic King, “Key challenges for delivering clinical impact with artificial intelligence,” BMC Medicine, (2019) 17:195. Available online:

Tobias Rees, “Why tech companies need philosophers—and how I convinced Google to hire them,” Quartz, November 22, 2019. Available online:

Alan Winfield, “An Updated Round Up of Ethical Principles of Robotics and AI,” Alan Winfield Blog, April 18, 2019. Available online:

Prime Minister of Japan Abe Shinzo, “Toward a New Era of Hope-Driven Economy,” World Economic Forum, January 23, 2019. Available online:

Alan Turing, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” Mind, LIX (236): 433–460, Available online: doi:10.1093/mind/LIX.236.433